Health Corruption – Isn’t this a talking point for global health security during CoVID-19?

0


It is estimated that around three trillion dollars of mineral resources have been extracted from Afghan soil. Taken from a coal mine in Samanjan province.

All the mentors in the world are now interested in working with the Taliban. But why? There are probably several reasons for this. One of the main reasons is the country’s minerals. The reason for NATO’s foray into Afghanistan 20 years ago was called the “crackdown on terrorism”. But US policymakers have also speculated that Afghanistan’s mineral wealth could be seized by defeating the Taliban. The war on the ground did not give them that opportunity. In the new reality, the United States is keen to do it with the Taliban. China and Russia have similar desires. Turkey is coming back.

Three trillion dollars of minerals

It is estimated that nearly three trillion dollars of the country’s assets have been mined underground. With all this business, the country can easily earn billions of dollars a year.

In addition to gold and nickel, Afghanistan has many valuable minerals, including lithium and copper. There are many rare soil elements, including scandium, uterus, which today are used in the manufacture of cell phones, televisions and fiber optics.

After entering Afghanistan, NATO experts intercepted Russian investigative reports into the country’s mineral resources in the 1980s and 1980s. Along with this, the Pentagon’s high-tech research led to the discovery of ‘huge stocks of lithium in Ghazni.

Lithium is mainly used in various military devices from small computer batteries. It is also important for the impending revolution of electric vehicles. It is now a strategic mineral around the world. The BBC also called Afghanistan “the future Saudi Arabia” because of lithium. Bolivian politics are in great difficulty with similar large lithium reserves. There, ousted Evo Morales demanded the establishment of a control over lithium for American alcohol in the coup against him. Afghanistan’s lithium reserves are almost equal to those of Bolivia. The control of Ghazni in the coming days is therefore very important for many.

As US aid dwindles, Afghans will need Russia, China, Pakistan and Iran. These countries are now striving to build a “win-win” relationship with the Taliban.

Besides lithium, copper and other minerals in Afghanistan, opium is also marketed as a component of grade 4 heroin. The production of technology-based methamphetamine drugs is also increasing in the country now. All recent reports in this regard indicate that the size of the country’s drug economy is now larger than it was 20 years ago. In the future, external forces will also have to decide with the Taliban on these issues. Many invisible powers, Iran and Pakistan, the two gateways for Afghan drugs, will be at the forefront of these agreements. Afghan drug producers are heading on a new route to Pakistan as the currency depreciates against the Iranian currency. At the same time, it could increase the spread of the drug among Pakistanis.

The CIA’s role in funding Afghan guerrillas during the anti-Soviet war to sell heroin to residents along the Pakistan-Afghan border is testament to the size of this management during the Taliban reign.

Have a nice day in the mining industry

As soon as he sat down to write about the minerals of Afghanistan, the words of the tyrant Khalilzad came to his mind. He was the one who signed the American peace agreement with the Taliban. The American diplomat has long been associated with the Unique oil company. He has been a US citizen since 1984.

Of Pashtun origin, he has been in contact with the Taliban for about 25 years. He took his ministers to Unique’s office in Texas before the Taliban ousted him in 2001. The Taliban government did not yet have diplomatic relations with the United States. Khalilzad was primarily responsible for building the 620-mile Pakistan-Turkmenistan gas pipeline (known as the “Saint-Gas” project) over Afghanistan, originally on behalf of Uniqlo. At the time, the Taliban agreed to pay 50-100 million yen per year. The project did not advance in the midst of the war that followed. Neither the United States nor the Taliban has lost confidence in Khalilzad. In 2010, he became a member of the board of directors of RK, another oil company based in the United Arab Emirates. He was a member of the board of directors of DNO, a Norwegian company working in the same field. DNO was hired in 2004 in the Kurdish region of Iraq. Khalilzad was also the US Ambassador to Iraq in 2005-06. War, aggression and the fuel trade have always marked his curriculum vitae. If the current “peace deal” is successful, it could play a bigger role in Afghanistan. Or his son.

Alexander Benard, Khalilzad’s son, is a consultant for Central Asian miners at his father’s request. Benard is now the Managing Director of Griffon Partner, a company founded by his father. The coming Afghanistan is a great opportunity for mining companies. Benard’s appreciation may increase at this time. At the same time, the pollution of the country’s air, water and soil will also increase at this time.

Copper reserves will make Taliban an ally of China

As US aid dwindles, Afghans will need Russia, China, Pakistan and Iran. These countries are now striving to build a “win-win” relationship with the Taliban.

In the third world, China is more adept at taking big projects into the hands of heads of state. Despite NATO’s 20-year reign in Afghanistan, MM. MCC had paid £ 30million to Mines Minister Mohammad Ibrahim Adel as part of the deal. The transaction was completed in Dubai. Ibrahim Adel was fired after the incident became known.

The corruption does not stop there. Outgoing President Ashraf Ghani has also been accused of bribing an American company called SOS International to take control of mineral resources in Kunar province.

The mining sector is a major contributor to Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index, which dropped Afghanistan to 175/170 last year. In the midst of the last 20 years of war, the Taliban have also collected an average of 2.5-10 million yen per year through various mining operations. Thus, most of the work in the mining sector has been done by corporations with money from government bureaucrats and local armed guerrillas.

The much-talked-about Mess Aank mine in Logar province, 40 kilometers south of Kabul, is estimated to contain around 80 million tonnes of copper. Despite the rushed lease, China was unable to start mining on time. The security situation was not favorable. Apart from the huge population which will lose its homes in the mining area, no alternative has yet been developed to rehabilitate them. However, China will not lose this reserve in any way. Half of the world’s demand for copper now belongs to them. It is not uncommon for the Taliban to befriend China.

The country’s Hajizak mine is another area of ​​interest for many countries, as is China’s interest in the Mess Yank copper deposits. There are huge deposits of iron ore here. The area is located in Bamiyan, 130 kilometers west of Kabul. There are 2.2 billion tonnes of iron ore here. In 2011, several Indian companies allocated 10 billion to the sector. Like China, they couldn’t work. Maybe not anymore.

The Taliban will not get much for their livelihood, except mineral resources and tourism. International powers are eager to take advantage of this weakness in Afghanistan. The Taliban must invest in the development of human resources and infrastructure. And investors will be interested in getting cheap minerals.

China is repeatedly tempted to invest in railways in Afghanistan as soon as Mess Jank’s copper is withdrawn. Pakistan and Russia also have favorite economic projects in Afghanistan. They are also involved in the standoff with the Taliban!

48% of Afghans are poor, resources must be used

Although rich in mineral resources, Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world. In this country of about 45 million people, 47 percent of the population still lives below the poverty line, earning less than 1.9 yen per day. There are 3 million Afghan refugees in neighboring countries. When the war is over, they will return to the devastated villages. The country is well ahead in terms of birth rate and unemployment. The future of Afghanistan must provide food, shelter and jobs for all of these people. This country, which is four times the size, is nothing more than a country torn by war. Part of what is meant by infrastructure has not been spared. In addition, 80 to 90 percent of citizens are deprived of education. The majority of young people are not trained in anything other than handling a firearm. A psychological revolution is needed to move a population from the culture of guns to the culture of paper and pen. We need resources for this work.

Kabul is not the center of gravity of the new war

The Taliban will not get much for their livelihood, except mineral resources and tourism. International powers are eager to take advantage of this weakness in Afghanistan. The Taliban must invest in the development of human resources and infrastructure. And investors will be interested in getting cheap minerals. Extremely corrupt, if necessary. Discussions on the ‘St.-Gas’ project could also start soon. The next challenge for the Taliban leadership is to coordinate this two-pronged approach. In particular, regional tribal leaders must come to terms with their own armed forces and the local Taliban mining economy.

The conflict in some districts of the country as soon as American troops take the initiative to return home is a major reason for the imminent outbreak of the next war of occupation of minerals. From experience, the Taliban know that the next war will not only concern Kabul. Neighborhoods rich in minerals will be its center of gravity.


Share.

Leave A Reply