Muslim Women’s Rights Day 2022: Know the History and Meaning

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Muslim Women’s Rights Day is celebrated across the country on August 1 to mark the enactment of the Triple Talaq Law in 2019 which made the practice a criminal offence.

Representative image. PTI

Muslim Women’s Rights Day is celebrated across the country on August 1 to mark the enactment of the Triple Talaq Law. This law, which criminalizes the practice of triple talaq, came into force on August 1, 2019.

The practice of triple talaq had enabled Indian Muslim husbands to instantly divorce their wives by uttering the word “talaq” three times in a row, regardless of her consent on the matter.

Story

The Enforcement of Muslim Personal Law (Sharia) Act 1937 had granted Indian Muslim husbands special privileges over their wives, including the practice of triple talaq. Also known as Talaq-a-Biddat, triple talaq was practiced by many. On August 1, 2019, after the Rajya Sabha passed the Muslim Women (Protection of Marriage Rights) Bill 2019 on July 31, the law came into effect. This law made the practice of triple talaq illegal.

The law was deemed controversial by some sections of society, who protested against it. But the government remained firm on its goal of enacting the law. To commemorate this day, the government announced in 2021 that Muslim Women’s Rights Day would be observed across the country on August 1.

Importance

The law against triple talaq succeeded in making the practice a criminal offense punishable by three years in prison and a fine. The bill passed by the government led by Narendra Modi also allowed “a married Muslim woman to be entitled to custody of her minor children in case of utterance of talaq by her husband, in such manner as may be determined by the magistrate”.

The law against the Triple Talaq helps safeguard gender equality. It also strengthens the fundamental, constitutional and democratic rights of millions of women across India. The bill also promotes the empowerment, self-respect and self-esteem of millions of Muslim women. The law has managed to reduce cases of triple talaq by 80% since its adoption, according to reports.

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