A study conducted in 2016-2018 by the Commission for the Eradication of Corruption (KPK) and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) showed that the corrupt behavior of political party cadres during their tenure was due to the high cost of political campaigns in general and regional elections.
KPK’s survey revealed that to win the elections, potential regional heads such as mayors and district heads had to prepare funding in the amount of Rs 20-30 billion, while candidates for the post of governor and deputy governor were to allocate a budget of 100 billion rupees.
These high costs have prompted regional leaders to resort to various means to return the capital.
KPK data shows that as of August 2022, up to 310 members of the Indonesian House of Representatives (DPR) and Regional House of Representatives (DPRD), 154 mayors and district heads and deputies and 22 governors were involved in corruption cases.
The KPK has identified that the main method of political corruption occurs in the form of abuse of authority by using one’s position to enrich themselves or their group to gratify allies or as compensation as well as to maintain sources of power.
During the webinar entitled “Is assistance to political parties a solution to prevent corruption?” on September 16, 2022, KPK Deputy Chairman Nurul Ghufron said that regional chiefs’ salaries were relatively disproportionate to their workload and the funds they had spent on their campaigns. Therefore, they decided to practice bribery as a way to return their campaign capitals.
This imbalance resulted in a political process that should have been conducted conscientiously and transformed into a commercial transaction.
Political parties have actually played an important role in Indonesia according to the Political Parties Law Number 2 of 2008.
The law assigns five strategic functions to political parties to lead the nation and the state, including as a means of political education; as a means of national unity and integrity; absorb, gather and connect people’s aspirations; as a means of political participation of citizens; and as a means of recruiting cadres for political office.
The KPK considers the position of political parties to be highly strategic in achieving candidate pairs to produce people’s representatives, presidents, vice presidents and regional leaders with quality and integrity who will lead Indonesia.
Considering the importance of the position of political parties in the pillars of life, the KPK expects political parties to become the pillars of democracy as the goal of the nation and the state.
KPK and LIPI studies also concluded that every political party should fulfill its five functions as outlined in the Political Party Integrity System (SIPP) comprising standards of code of ethics, political party finances with clarity financial sources and budget allocations, and the recruitment of good managers. with regulations and systems.
Next comes the internal democracy of political parties, namely democratization to determine management and decision-making in parties, while the last is regeneration with regulations accompanied by monitoring and evaluation.
Political party fund
In order to invite political parties to comply with the SIPP, the KPK and the Ministry of the Interior are also encouraging an increase in subsidies to political parties. This step needs to be taken because the funds for political parties in Indonesia are still relatively low, especially Rp 1,000 per vote in the central government and Rp 1,200-1,500 per vote for the regions based on the results of the last general elections.
During the webinar, the Minister of Interior, represented by the Inspector General of the Ministry of Interior, Tomsi Tohir Balaw, explained that realizing political party finances is a step to encourage more professional, transparent political parties. and responsible.
Increasing political party funds will encourage improved quality of political party financial management which ultimately creates integrity.
Thus, the Ministry of Interior, together with the DPR, had encouraged an increase in financial assistance to political parties based on the basic needs of political parties.
The aim is to increase funds for political parties to Rp 3,000 per vote for the next financial year 2023. The Ministry of Interior hopes that with the increase in financial assistance to political parties, independence finance of political parties will be formed and will contribute optimally to the development of a better democratic life.
Financial support should also trigger innovation and empower political parties to improve the quality of their human resources and strengthen their institutional capacities.
Meanwhile, a member of the KPK supervisory board, Syamsuddin Haris, who is at the same time a former LIPI researcher, noted that the figure to be submitted in 2023 is a 30% scheme of the fund increase system of the political parties.
Based on the results of a study carried out by KPK and LIPI in 2018-2019, the total financial needs of political parties in one year is Rp 16,992 per vote. From this figure, the state could provide a subsidy of 50%, or 8,461 rupees per vote.
Haris believes that after all, state subsidies to political parties should provide them with opportunities for financial autonomy.
This measure is taken to prevent political parties from being entirely financed by the government since they can finance themselves through the schemes of their own management.
Similarly, KPK Prevention and Monitoring MP Pahala Nainggolan said that at this early stage, the figure that would be proposed was 30% in the first year. Later, if the political parties develop and follow the SIPP, the funds will be increased for the next five years to the level of 100%.
If the proposal is finally approved, Nainggolan noted that a revision of the Government Regulation (PP) number 1 of 2018 regarding financial assistance to political parties must be done at the earliest since the PP did not include the use of the SIPP and political party subsidy budget. . In addition, Law number 2 concerning political parties needs to be revised to serve as a solid legal framework.
In response to this, Deputy Chairman of the Central Executive Council (DPP) of the United Development Party (PPP), Arsul Sani, commended the government and the KPK for their efforts to increase political party support funds. The SIPP is said to be an effort to prevent corruption within the political parties themselves.
In realizing democracy without corruption, the SIPP must be implemented to create a healthy political party. Moreover, it can bring integrity to the next general election.
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